We arrived in Pantalica, which was the very ancient Hybla. We climbed up paths full of goats and entered the tombs of the necropolis, caves-dwellings, the sanctuaries excavated in the steep walls of the sheer rock above the Anapo.
Vincenzo Consolo, Le pietre di Pantalica
The deep rocky walls of the plateau of Pantalica rise between the River Anapo and the Torrent Calcinara. Its white calcareous surfaces are broken by the darkness of nearly 5000 artificial rock-cut tombs, that were excavated between the thirteenth and seventh century BC. Not only did the natural fortress of Pantalica host one of the biggest protohistorical communities of Sicily, but was also inhabited during the Paleochristian and Byzantine Ages, as it is shown by the numerous rock catacombs and churches that were built along the crags of its massif.